Language may refer either to the specifically human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, or to a specific instance of such a system of complex communication. The scientific study of language in any of its senses is called linguistics – Wikipedia.
Here is the list of New Top 10 Most Spoken Languages In The World. There are approximately 6900 languages currently spoken around the world, the majority of which have only a small number of speakers. The ranking is based on the number of language speakers.
10. French – Approximate No. of speakers: 129 million
Often called the most romantic language in the world, French is spoken in tons of countries, including Belgium, Canada, Rwanda, Cameroon, and Haiti. Oh, and France too. It is an official language in 29 countries, most of which form what is called, in French, La Francophonie, the community of French-speaking countries.
To say “hello” in French, say “Bonjour” (bone-JOOR). And to say “I love you”, say “Je t’aime”
9. Malay Indonesian – No. of speakers: 159 million
Malay is the official language of Malaysia (as Malaysian), Indonesia (as Indonesian), Brunei (as Melayu Brunei) and Singapore (as the national language and one of four official languages of Singapore) but Indonesian is the most spoken version (Malaysia and Indonesia). The various dialects of Malay are all pretty much based on the same root language, which makes it the ninth most-spoken in the world. Indonesia is a fascinating place; a nation made up of over 13,000 islands it is the sixth most populated country in the world.
To say “hello” in Indonesian, say “Selamat pagi” (se-LA-maht PA-gee). And to say “I love you”, say “Saya cinta padamu”
8. Bengali – No. of speakers: 300 million
It is now the primary language spoken in Bangladesh and is the second most spoken language in India. It is for this reason Bengali is not global language, but in terms of speaking population it is one of the most spoken languages with rich literary tradition. Other speakers of this language are living in Tripura and Assam (States of India).
To say “hello” in Bengali, say “Ei Je” (EYE-jay). And to say “I love you”, say “Aamee tuma ke bhalo aashi “
7. Portuguese – No. of speakers: 300+ million
It has around 250 million native speakers making it the fifth-most spoken language in the world. Portuguese is the language of majority of people in Portugal, Brazil, São Tomé and Príncipe (95%), and Angola (80%).
To say “hello” in Portuguese, say “Bom dia” (bohn DEE-ah). And to say “I love you”, say “Eu te amo”
6. Russian – No. of speakers: 310+ million
One of the six languages in the UN, Russian is spoken not only in the Mother Country, but also widely spoken language in Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics of the USSR.
To say “hello” in Russian, say “Zdravstvuite” (ZDRAST-vet- yah). And to say “I love you”, say “Ya tebya liubliu“
5. Arabic – No. of speakers: 350+ million
Arabic, one of the world’s oldest languages, is spoken in the Middle East, with speakers found in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Egypt. Furthermore, because Arabic is the language of the Koran, millions of Moslems in other countries speak Arabic as well. It is the official language of 26 countries and in 1974 it was made the sixth official language of the United Nations.
To say “hello” in Arabic, say “Al salaam a’alaykum” (Ahl sah-LAHM ah ah-LAY-koom). And to say “I love you”, say “Ana behibek (to female)” and “Ana behibak (to male)”
4. Spanish – N0. of speakers: 500+ million
The official language of more than 20 countries, including all the states of Latin America, except Brazil, Belize, etc. The biggest countries with Spanish speaking population is Mexico. There are close to 350 Mn – 400 Mn native speakers,
To say “hello” in Spanish, say “Hola” (OH-la). And to say “I love you”, say “Te quiero / Te amo”
3. Hindustani – No. of speakers: 510+ million
Hindustani is the primary language of India’s crowded population, and it encompasses a huge number of dialects (of which the most commonly spoken is Hindi). There are close to 300 Mn native speakers, and all together approx. more than 500 Mn speakers.
Colloquial Hindi and Urdu are all but indistinguishable, and even the official standards are nearly identical in grammar, though they differ in literary conventions and in academic and technical vocabulary
To say “hello” in Hindustani, say “Namaste” (Nah-MAH-stay). And to say “I love you”, say “Hum Tumse Pyar Karte hain”
2. Mandarin – Number of speakers: 1 to 1.4 billion
The most widely native spoken language on the planet is based in the most populated country on the planet, China. But overall population speaking Mandarin is 1.4 billion. In everyday English, “Mandarin” refers to Standard Chinese, which is often called simply “Chinese”.
To say “hello” in Mandarin, say “Ni hao” (Nee HaOW). And to say “I love you”, say “Wo ai ni”
1. English – Number of speakers: 1.5 to 1.8 billion
English originated from the fusion of languages and dialects, now collectively termed Old English, which were brought to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic (Anglo-Saxon) settlers. While English doesn’t have the most speakers, it is the official language of more countries than any other language. Its speakers hail from all around the world, including the U.S., Australia, England, Zimbabwe, the Caribbean, Hong Kong, South Africa, and Canada.
It is described as the first global lingua franca, and has close to 400 Mn native speakers and anything between 1 Bn – 1.5 Bn
To say “hello” in English, say “hello” . And to say “I love you”, say “Love you babes”
. And to say “I love you”, say “Love you babes”
Source: Wikipedia and lot of internet articles. The ranking is based on no. of people who speak these languages (primary & secondary speakers), with lot of data being extrapolated from previous yrs actual numbers (assuming they have changed over time).